Passionflower

Passioflora incarnata L.

Passion Vine, Granadilla, Maracuja, Maypops



Yerba Santa
Passion Flower, almost looks from another world.

Description:

Part of the Passifloraceae family, there are many species in this family but most are only ornamental. Fast growing perennial vine with climbing and sprawling stems. Bears big and elaborate whit and purple flowers with fascinating geometries. Once pollenated fruit forms and ripens once it reaches a reddish/purple color, about the size of lemons. These fruits have a sweet and tangy juice with seeds inside. The vining plants leaves are strong and a vibrant green. The flowers themselves are steeped in history dating all the way back to the first European settlers. Its this purple color that gives away a lot of what we know about Passionflower and its energies, this herbs works wonders with the heart chakra. The physical parts of the body connected with the heart chakra are the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, entire circulatory system and the immune system. Any dis-eases in these areas will arise out of the heart chakra being blocked in some way. The flower essence to treat the heart chakra is passion flower, opening the heart to the spiritual qualities of love (1.4).


Habitat and Propagation:

Passionflower best grows in zones 7-10. Purple passionflowers require direct sunlight for at least half of the day. The plants prefer fertile, well drained soils but will grow in heavier clay soils. Pick a spot in the garden where the plants may either climb or spread freely. The plants may be propagated from seed or by cuttings. Seeds should be collected in the fall after the fruit has begun to shrivel. Mature seeds are brown in color with no traces of white. Wash the gelatinous covering from the seeds if they are to be stored for any length of time. It is best to plant the seeds directly into an outdoor seedbed. The seedlings may be transplanted after they have three or four leaves or, once established, they can be used to provide cuttings or divisions. Cuttings should be taken in the early spring. Remove the lower leaves from a 15 to 20 cm cutting before placing it in the rooting medium. Removing the suckers that develop around the established plants provides materials for propagating by division. With a shovel, separate and remove the suckers and roots. Transplant the divisions and water them immediately.



Harvest:

Always practice sustainable and safe harvesting techniques. Trim older mature growth, harvest long stems of the herb while it's flowering (flower and all). Tie up to 6 long stems together and hang to dry till stem is brittle to the touch. Use your hands to break of the herb into or onto your harvesting area. If the pieces are too big try going back over it to break them up between your hands.


Constituents:

Alkaloids (harmine, harman, harmol, harmaline, harmalol, passaflorine): flavanoids (apigenin, homoorientin, isovetexin, kaempferol, luteolin, ori